states of Christ


Theologians in the Reformed tradition have long differentiated Christ’s incarnation into two states, based on Philippians 2:6-11: His state of humiliation (Phil. 2:6-8) and His state of exaltation (Phil. 2:9-11).

Christ’s humiliation

Jesus Christ’s earthly ministry was a display of divine humility. In every aspect of that ministry we see the humble Jesus—from his expectant mother being forced to give birth to Him in a stable for animals since there was no room for her and her husband in the inn (Luke 2:7) to His burial in the grave of another (Matt. 27:57-60). He was raised in humble circumstances—His mother’s husband, Joseph, was a carpenter, not a man of influence or wealth according to this world’s standards (Matt. 13:55).

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ByJustus Musinguzi

Promoting the annual reading and study of the whole Bible, and teaching the treasures of God's truth that honors God, is saturated with grace, exalts Christ, and is driven by the gospel.